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科技

远古时代

制陶
Pottery
No man ever wetted clay and then left it, as if there would be bricks by chance and fortune.
将陶土弄湿后搁在一边,然后指望它靠运气和机会变成砖,绝对是痴人说梦。
Plutarch,普鲁塔克(希腊历史学家)
I thought clay must feel happy in the good potter's hand.
能入巧匠手,陶土亦开颜。
Janet Fitch,珍妮特·菲奇、出自电影《白色夹竹桃》
畜牧
Animal Husbandry
If there are no dogs in Heaven, then when I die I want to go where they went.
若爱犬不去天堂,我愿意在死后跟随他们去任何地方。
Will Rogers,威尔·罗杰斯(美国作家)
I am fond of pigs. Dogs look up to us. Cats look down on us. Pigs treat us as equals.
我喜欢猪。狗仰视我;猫藐视我;猪平等待我。
Winston S. Churchill,温斯顿·S·丘吉尔(英国政治家)

丘吉尔本人喜爱动物,特别爱猫,而这句话是他在以英国绅士特有的风格暗讽那些卑躬屈膝的人和失礼的人。巧合的是,希特勒爱狗。

采矿
Mining
Who deserves more credit than the wife of a coal miner?
还有谁能比一个矿工的妻子更值得信赖呢?
Merle Travis,莫尔·特拉维斯(美国音乐家)

后文:Mother was one. She never complained about the hardships that were hers in abundance. Lighting the coal-oil lamp long before daylight, and cooking breakfast for her children and husband.
(母亲就是其中之一。她从不抱怨自己的负担有多么沉重。她每天距离太阳升起还有很久就摸着黑点亮煤油灯,为孩子和丈夫做早饭。)


When you find yourself in a hole, quit digging.
当你发现你自己掉坑里的时候,就别再挖了。
Will Rogers,威尔·罗杰斯(美国作家)

俗称“坑的第一法则”(然而没有第二)。意思是“如果你觉得道理上讲不通了就别再继续下去,否则是自掘坟墓”。

风帆航行
Sailing
Vessels large may venture more, but little boats should keep near shore.
巨舰冒大险,小船走岸边。
Benjamin Franklin,本杰明·富兰克林(美国政治家)

最接近这句话的中文名言是“千里之行始于足下”。


It is not that life ashore is distasteful to me. But life at sea is better.
并不是岸上的生活对我而言索然无味,只是海上的更好。
Sir Francis Drake,弗朗西斯·德雷克(英国大提督)
占星术
Astrology
I don't believe in astrology; I'm a Sagittarius and we're skeptical.
我并不相信占星术,因为我是怀疑一切的射手座。
Arthur C. Clarke,亚瑟·查理斯·克拉克(知名SF小说作家)
A physician without a knowledge of astrology has no right to call himself a physician.
一个不懂占星术的内科医生不配自称内科医生。
Hippocrates,希波克拉底

希波克拉底是第一个将疾病与迷信划清界限并以事实为依据治病的医生,但他也是占星医术的支持者(当时时代的原因)。在那个时代精神分析早已是门学问。

灌溉
Irrigation
Thousands have lived without love, not one without water.
没有爱情却活着的人成千上万,但没有了水他们都要玩完。
W. H. Auden,W.H.奥登(英国诗人)
The man who has grit enough to bring about the afforestation or the irrigation of a country is not less worthy of honor than its conqueror.
那些勇于为了国家的灌溉和造林而付出的人,理应享有与征服者接受同等荣耀的权利。
Sir John Thomson,约瑟夫·汤姆孙(英国物理学家)
文字
Writing
Writing means sharing. It's part of the human condition to want to share things – thoughts, ideas, opinions.
写作即分享。与他人分享自己的思想、概念与理解是人类天性的一部分。
Paulo Coelho,保罗·科尔贺(法国小说家)

大家也一起来为wiki添砖加瓦吧!


Writing is easy. All you have to do is cross out the wrong words.
写作很容易。你需要做的只是把错词划掉而已。
Mark Twain,马克·吐温
弓术
Archery
I shot an arrow into the air. It fell to earth, I knew not where.
羽箭射向空中,落地全无影踪。
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow,亨利·沃兹沃斯·朗费罗(美国诗人)
May the forces of evil become confused while your arrow is on its way to the target.
愿箭飞射之时,邪恶不知所措。
George Carlin,乔治·卡林(美国笑星)
石工术
Masonry
Each of us is carving a stone, erecting a column, or cutting a piece of stained glass in the construction of something much bigger than ourselves.
我们每个人都在雕刻石头、树立石柱、切割彩色玻璃,只为建造一些比我们大得多的东西。
Adrienne Clarkson,伍冰枝(加拿大总督)
When wasteful war shall statues overturn, and broils root out the work of masonry.
当着残暴的战争把铜像推翻,或内讧把城池荡成一片废墟。
William Shakespeare,威廉·莎士比亚(英国大作家)
青铜器
Bronze Working
Bronze is the mirror of the form, wine of the mind.
青铜乃物状之明镜,思维之佳酿。
Aeschylus,埃斯库罗斯(古希腊剧作家)
I'm also interested in creating a lasting legacy … because bronze will last for thousands of years.
我也会对创造不朽的遗产感兴趣...因为青铜将会流传千年。
Richard MacDonald,理查德·麦当劳
车轮
Wheels
Sometimes the wheel turns slowly, but it turns.
车轮的转动有时会减缓,但它绝不会停止转动。
Lorne Michaels,劳恩·米迦勒(加拿大导演)
Don't reinvent the wheel, just realign it.
不要徒劳于重新发明车轮。只需去调整已有的。
Anthony D'Angelo,安东尼·德·安吉洛(美国教育家)

所谓的“车轮的重新发明”是美国的一个惯用句形,是对“费时费力去重新开发一个已经在全世界广泛普及的基础技术”这种行为的讽刺。

古典时代

天文导航
Celestial Navigation
And all I ask is a tall ship and a star to steer her by.
我想要的只是一艘高船和一颗指引它的星星。
John Masefield,约翰·迈斯菲尔(英国诗人)
Set your course by the stars, not by the lights of every passing ship.
用天空中的群星导向。不要因其他来往船只的灯光侧目。
Omar Bradley,
货币
Currency
Wealth consists not in having great possessions, but in having few wants.
所谓富有,并非腰缠万贯,而是寡欲无求。
Epictetus,爱比克泰德(希腊哲学家)

这句话完美表现了斯多葛主义的思想。


Money, if it does not bring you happiness, will at least help you be miserable in comfort.
金钱,如果它不能带来快乐,至少也会让你在舒适中痛苦。
Helen Gurley Brown,
骑术
Horseback Riding
No hour of life is wasted that is spent in the saddle.
在马鞍上的生命没有哪怕一小时是浪费的。
Winston Churchill,
A man on a horse is spiritually as well as physically bigger than a man on foot.
马背上的人比站在地上的人更为高大,不论是精神上还是物理上。
John Steinbeck,
铁器
Iron Working
The Lord made us all out of iron. Then he turns up the heat to forge some of us into steel.
上帝用铁铸造了所有人,然后加大炉温,将我们中的一部分人炼成了钢。
Marie Osmond,
Everything has its limit – iron ore cannot be educated into gold.
一切皆有极限——一块铁矿石永远不可能被熔炼成黄金。
Mark Twain,马克·吐温
造船术
Shipbuilding
I cannot imagine any condition which would cause a ship to founder … Modern shipbuilding has gone beyond that.
我完全想不出如何弄沉这艘船!现代的造船技术不可能就这点本事。
Capt. E.J. Smith, RMS Titanic,爱德华·约翰·史密斯,泰坦尼克号船长

这句话出自泰坦尼克号沉没的五年前,他驾驶RMS Adriatic二世号出航之前的发言。这句话象征了当时欧洲的主流思想“科学与文明的进步能解决一切问题”。然而,就如同神的嘲弄一般,几年后他随泰坦尼克号一起葬身冰海,再两年后爆发了一战,产生了无法想象的伤亡。


There is nothing but a plank between a sailor and eternity.
隔在船员和永恒之间的东西只有一块板。
Thomas Gibbons,
数学
Mathematics
Without mathematics, there's nothing you can do. Everything around you is mathematics. Everything around you is numbers.
没有数学,你什么也干不了,因为这个世界上充斥了数字,一切都以数学公式的形式表达。
Shakuntala Devi,
If I were again beginning my studies, I would follow the advice of Plato and start with mathematics.
如果让我从零开始重新学习,我会听从柏拉图的意见,先学数学。
Galileo Galilei,伽利略·伽利雷
建筑学
Construction
Create with the heart; build with the mind.
用心创造,用脑建造。
Criss Jami,
The four building blocks of the universe are fire, water, gravel and vinyl.
形成宇宙的四大元素是火、水、地和塑料。
Dave Barry,
工程学
Engineering
One man's "magic" is another man's engineering.
一个人概念中的“工程学”在另一个人眼中可能就是“魔法”。
Robert Heinlein,罗伯特·海莱茵(美国科幻作家),出自《给爱时间》

这句话与另一位科幻巨头亚瑟·查理斯·克拉克的“发达到一定程度的科学技术很难与魔法区别开来”不谋而合。


Normal people … believe that if it ain't broke, don't fix it. Engineers believe that if it ain't broke, it doesn't have enough features yet.
普通人认为如果东西没坏,就不用修理它;工程师则认为如果东西没坏,就表示它的性能还不够强大。
Scott Adams,

中古时代

军事战术
Military Tactics
Tactics mean doing what you can with what you have.
战术就是用你所拥有的做你所能做的。
Saul Alinsky,索尔·阿林斯基(美国社会运动家)

草根运动的奠基人说出的这句话完美体现了战术的本质。


Strategy requires thought; tactics require observation.
战略需要思想,战术需要观察。
Max Euwe,马克思·尤韦(荷兰数学家)
学徒制
Apprenticeship
We are all apprentices in a craft where no one ever becomes a master.
我们在工艺上都是学徒,而且从没有人称为大师。
Ernest Hemingway,欧内斯特·海明威(美国诗人)
There is no easy way to train an apprentice. My two tools are example and nagging.
训练一个学徒是没有捷径的。我用来教育他们的两样工具是:示范和说教。
Lemony Snicket,丹尼尔·韩德勒(美国小说家)
马镫
Stirrups
Few inventions have been so simple as the stirrup, but few have had so catalytic an influence on history.
少有发明像马镫这么简单,但也少有发明能像马镫那样,在历史上起到了如此之大的作用。
Lynn White Jr.,琳·怀特·Jr

就是这么一个能让人很容易地将自己固定在马背上的发明,对历史起到的影响无可估量。


Betwixt the stirrup and the ground, Mercy I asked, mercy I found.
在马镫与地面之间,我祈求怜悯,也得到了怜悯。
William Camden,威廉·卡姆登
机械学
Machinery
I'd imagine the whole world as one big machine. Machines never come with any spare parts, you know. They always come with the exact amount they need.
我会想象全世界就是一台机器。而机器是没有多余的部分的,你知道的。它们总是物尽其用。
Hugo Cabret,雨果·卡布里特
Remember that people break down, too, not just machinery.
记住,人也是会出故障的,而不只有机器。
Gregory Benford,格利高里·本福特

你说的话非常有意义。(+10)

教育
Education
The purpose of education is to replace an empty mind with an open one.
教育的目的是把一个空荡荡的脑壳整成开放的思想。
Malcolm Forbes,迈尔康·福布斯
It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it.
一个有教养的人的标志是,能去礼貌对待一种自己不接受的思想。
Aristotle,亚里士多德
军事工程
Military Engineering
Blast – Build – Battle
爆破——建造——战斗
Motto of the U.S. 16th Engineer Brigade,美国第16工兵团的座右铭
The more science intervenes in warfare, the more will be the need for engineers in the field armies; in the late war there were never enough sappers at any time.
科学在战争中起到的作用越大,集团军里需要的工程师就越多,现代战争中工兵会一直不够用。
Bernard Montgomery,伯纳德·蒙哥马利(英国军人)
城堡
Castles
Rocks in my path? I keep them all. With them I shall build my castle.
有石头挡路了?我会它们收起来,用之创造一个属于我的城堡。
Nemo Nox,尼莫·诺克斯
If you see a castle under fog, you must walk there to meet the extraordinary dreams.
如果你在雾里看到了一个城堡,你应该径直走到那里——为了满足特别的梦想。
Mehmet Murat Ildan,

文艺复兴时代

制图学
Cartography
If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a cartographer.
如果你的作为能激励别人去梦想更多,学习更多,做得更多以及成就更多,那么恭喜你成为了一名合格的制图者(导师)。
John Quincy Adams,约翰·昆西·亚当斯(美国总统)
Not all who wander are lost.
并非所有的游荡者都是迷路人。
J.R.R. Tolkien(John Ronald Reuel Tolkien),J.R.R 托尔金(约翰·罗纳德·瑞尔·托尔金),现代奇幻文学之父,以创作经典严肃奇幻作品《霍比特人》、《魔戒》与《精灵宝钻》等而闻名于世。

来自哈比人历险记中比尔博·巴金斯为阿拉贡作的诗。
“金子不一定会发光,并非所有的游荡者都是迷路人。经年累月,力量不衰。根系深埋,严霜不侵。
灰烬中再度燃起熊熊烈火,黑暗被光亮划破。再度打磨曾经折断的剑刃,无冕之人即将重登王位。”

大规模生产
Mass Production
People can have the Model T in any color – so long as it's black.
任何顾客可以将这辆车漆成任何他所想要的颜色,只要它是黑色的。
Henry Ford,亨利·福特

福特T型是大规模生产的代名词,是划一性的过度体现。如同引言所说,福特T型只有黑色,理由是黑漆干得快。


What can be labeled, packaged, mass produced is neither truth nor art.
能被贴上标签的,被打包的,被大规模生产的,肯定不是真理和艺术。
Marty Rubin,马提·鲁宾
银行业
Banking
If you owe the bank $100 that's your problem. If you owe the bank $100 million, that's the bank's problem.
如果你欠了银行100刀,那是你的问题;如果你欠了银行1亿刀,那个问题就是银行的了。
J. Paul Getty,保罗·盖蒂
I saw a bank that said "24-Hour Banking," but I didn't have that much time.
我看到银行说是24小时服务,但我可没那么多时间。
Steven Wright,斯蒂芬·莱特
火药
Gunpowder
The real use of gunpowder is to make all men tall.
火药真正的作用是让人觉得自己变得高大。
Thomas Carlyle,托马斯·卡莱尔(英国评论家)
Man is a military animal, glories in gunpowder, and loves parades.
男人是种军事性的动物,醉心于硝烟味,热爱示威游行。
Philip Bailey,菲利普·百利(美国歌手)
印刷
Printing
The pen might not be mightier than the sword, but maybe the printing press is heavier than the siege weapon. Just a few words can change everything.
笔可能没剑这么厉害,但印刷机可是比攻城武器还要厉害得多 ,只需只言片语就能改变一切。
Terry Pratchett,泰瑞·普莱契(英国科幻作家)

出自大长篇《Discworld》第三十一集《Monstrous Regiment》。


What gunpowder did for war the printing press has done for the mind.
印刷术对于思想的意义就如同火药之于战争。
Wendell Phillips,菲利普·斯莫里(美国导演)
方帆
Square Rigging
There is little man has made that approaches anything in nature, but a sailing ship does.
诞生一个能触及自然界的每个角落的人很困难,但帆船可以。
Allan Villiers,阿兰·维拉斯
It's not the towering sails, but the unseen wind that moves a ship.
是看不见的风,而不是高耸的帆使帆船动起来。
English Proverb,英语谚语
天文学
Astronomy
Astronomy compels the soul to look upwards and leads us from this world to another.
天文学使得我们的灵魂抬头望去,并带领我们从地上前往浩瀚的星辰大海。
Plato,柏拉图
Astronomy's much more fun when you're not an astronomer.
如果你还想享受天文学的乐趣,就不要成为天文学家。(当你不是码农时,写代码看起来更有意思)
Brian May,布莱恩·梅(英国天文学家,音乐家)
金属铸造
Metal Casting
And first Hephaestus makes a great and massive shield … And he forged on the shield two noble cities.
赫菲斯托斯首先造好一个巨大而又沉重的盾牌,然后在盾牌上打造了两个宏伟的城市的轮廓。
Homer,荷马 《荷马史诗》
Don't judge someone until you've stood at his forge and worked with his hammer.
除非你站在他的锻炉前用他的锤子工作过,不要评判他是个什么样的人。
Rick Riordan,雷克·莱尔顿(美国作家)
攻城战术
Siege Tactics
The lowest is to attack a city. Siege of a city is only done as a last resort.
其下攻城,攻城之法,为不得已。
Sun Tzu,孙子(中国古代军事家)

上兵伐谋,其次伐交,其次伐兵,其下攻城;攻城之法为不得已。


All the best romances bloom in the midst of a good siege.
最迷人的浪漫都在完美的攻城战中盛放。
Miles Cameron,迈尔斯·卡梅隆

工业时代

工业化
Industrialization
I think the human race made a big mistake at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution, we leaped for the mechanical things. People need the use of their hands to feel creative.
我觉得人类在工业革命开始的时候犯了一个很大的错误:我们急于奔向机械化。但人类需要靠双手才能感受到创造力。
Andre Norton,安德雷·诺顿(美国科幻作家)
The key words of violent economics are urbanization, industrialization, centralization, efficiency, quantity, speed.
暴力经济学的关键词是:城市化、工业化、集中化,效率,数量、速度。
E.F. Schumacher,E.F.舒马赫(英国经济学家)
科学理论
Scientific Theory
Claims that cannot be tested, assertions immune to disproof are veridically worthless, whatever value they may have in inspiring us or exciting our sense of wonder.
多么激动人心的主张、多么引人入胜的断言,如果不能被验证和证伪,就毫无意义。
Carl Sagan,卡尔·萨根

前文:"Now, what's the difference between an invisible, incorporeal, floating dragon who spits heatless fire and no dragon at all? If there's no way to disprove my contention, no conceivable experiment that would count against it, what does it mean to say that my dragon exists? Your inability to invalidate my hypothesis is not at all the same thing as proving it true.(……于是,完全不存在龙和存在一条无形物质,会喷出无温火焰的龙有什么区别?如果我的论点没有任何办法被反驳,也没有任何可行的实验能够来证伪,是不是就意味着你承认我说的龙就存在了?你无法反驳我的臆测,和证实其为真完全不是一回事。)"
后文:“What I'm asking you to do comes down to believing, in the absence of evidence, on my say-so.(于是我要你做的,说到底就是在叫你在无实的情况下相信我说的话。)”


If facts don't fit the theory, change the facts.
如果事实对不上理论,就改变事实。
Albert Einstein,阿尔伯特·爱因斯坦

爱因斯坦风格的幽默。其含义是“你一直以来相信是常识的东西也许就是个错误”。

弹道学
Ballistics
It's one thing to surmise what happened, but we don't speculate on that until ballistics confirms what happened …
你可以去推测,但在弹道学证实之前,别信。
John Hansen,约翰·汉森(美国警察)

密歇根州特拉弗斯城某次杀人事件中警官说出的台词。这么当地的东西都能挖得出来……


Let's get on our knees and pray. I don't know to whom. Is there a patron saint of ballistics yet?
让我们跪下祈祷,虽然我也不知道向谁。哦对了,现在有弹道实验用假人之神了吗?
Adam Savage,亚当·萨维奇(美国教育家)

美国著名电视节目MythBuster的特摄工程师。这句话取自其中“在浴场有可能触电而亡吗?”这一集实验开始之前。
因此,在这里,Patron saint of Ballistics并不是弹道学之神。

军事科学
Military Science
However beautiful the strategy, you should occasionally look at the results.
无论理论多漂亮,你也应该时不时的看一下结果。
Winston Churchill,温斯顿·丘吉尔
No one starts a war – or rather, no one in his senses ought to do so – without first being clear in his mind what he intends to achieve by that war and how he intends to conduct it.
没有人会在未明确自己需要在这场战争中达成什么目的和达到目的的手段之前发动战争。更正确地说,是自觉之下还如此做的人不存在。
Karl von Clausewitz,卡尔·冯·克劳塞维茨(普鲁士军事家)
蒸汽动力
Steam Power
It is arguable whether the human race have been gainers by the march of science beyond the steam engine.
人类自蒸汽引擎后,从科学的进步中是不是只得到了好处?还是值得商酌。
Winston Churchill,温斯顿·丘吉尔
Science owes more to the steam engine than the steam engine owes to science.
相比于蒸汽引擎欠科学的,科学欠蒸汽引擎更多。
Lawrence Henderson,劳伦斯·亨德森
公共卫生
Sanitation
No innovation in the past 200 years has done more to save lives and improve health than the sanitation revolution triggered by the invention of the toilet.
在过去200年来,没什么比卫生间的发明所引发的卫生革命拯救更多的生命和提升健康水平。
Sylvia Burwell,西尔维娅·巴维尔(美国卫生与福利顾问)

摘自其在非洲水资源方面会议的发言。城市排水处理是城市卫生环境改善的第一步。


Apart from the sanitation, the medicine, education, wine, public order, roads, the fresh water system, and public health … what have the Romans ever done for us?
除了公共卫生、医药、教育、红酒、公共秩序、道路、清水供应和公众健康……罗马人还为我们留下了 什么?
Graham Chapman,格雷厄姆·查普曼(英国喜剧演员)

这句话说出后,即被其同僚回答“罗马带来了和平”。

经济学
Economics
Economics is a subject that does not greatly respect one's wishes.
经济学是一个不怎么尊重个人愿望的学科。
Nikita Khrushchev,尼基塔·谢尔盖耶维奇·赫鲁晓夫(苏联政治家)
You and I come by road or rail, but economists travel on infrastructure.
你和我走道路或者铁路,但经济学家走在基础设施上。
Margaret Thatcher,玛格丽特·撒切尔(英国首相)
膛线
Rifling
Bolt actions speak louder than words.
栓式枪机比说话更为响亮。
Craig Roberts,克雷格·罗伯茨(英国演员)
Never criticize a rifleman until you have walked a mile in his shoes. That way, he'll be barefoot and you'll be out of range.
在刁难一名来福枪手之前,你最好能穿着他的鞋走上一英里,这样至少你不在他的射程之内了。
The 2nd Target Company,

近代

航空
Flight
For once you have tasted flight you will walk the earth with your eyes turned skywards, for there you have been and there you will long to return.
人只要尝到了振翅高飞的滋味,以后就会一直仰望天空——因为他曾经翱翔于那里,并渴望回到那里。
Leonardo da Vinci,列奥纳多·达·芬奇

这段记载于巴黎文书的文字是本作的核心思想之一。开幕影片中也大量出现与飞翔有关的镜头。


If you can walk away from a landing, it's a good landing. If you use the airplane the next day, it's an outstanding landing.
如果你着陆后还能走着离开,那么这是一次不错的着陆。如果你明天还能继续驾驶飞机,那么这就是完美的着陆。
Chuck Yeager,查克·耶格(美国空军准将)
可替换零件
Replaceable Parts
For a machine to run smoothly and predictably, its parts must be standard and hence replaceable.
为了让机械能正常且稳定地运作,我们必须统一零件规格,确保其可替换性。
Charles Eisenstein,查尔斯·爱森斯坦
Many of us take better care of our automobiles than we do of our own bodies … yet the auto has replaceable parts.
比起自己的身体,我们中的许多人更愿意花时间于照顾他们的爱车……但是车的零部件是可替换的,而你呢?
B.J. Palmer,巴特雷·约书亚·帕玛(医生)
钢材
Steel
The best steel doesn't always shine the brightest.
最闪亮的钢并不见得是最好的。
Joe Abercrombie,
There are three things extremely hard: steel, a diamond, and to know one's self.
这世界上有三件最难办的事情:破坏钢铁,磨碎钻石,了解自身。
Benjamin Franklin,本杰明·富兰克林,18世纪美国最伟大的科学家,著名的政治家和文学家
电力
Electricity
If it weren't for electricity, we'd all be watching television by candlelight.
如果没有电,也许我们到现在还得就着烛光看电视。
George Gobel,乔治·戈贝尔(好莱坞影星)
Benjamin Franklin may have discovered electricity, but it was the man who invented the meter who made the money.
没错,是本杰明·富兰克林发现了电能,但真正赚到钱的是发明电表的那位。
Earl Wilson,阿尔·威尔逊
无线电
Radio
A world without radio is a deaf world.
一个没有无线电的世界是被寂静包围的世界。
Ernest Yeboah,
Radio is the theater of the mind; television is the theater of the mindless.
无线电是心灵的剧场;电视机是懒人的剧场。
Steve Allen,
化学
Chemistry
Chemistry is the dirty part of physics.
化学就是物理学的肮脏一面。
Peter Reiss,彼得·利斯
Chemists do not usually stutter. It would be very awkward if they did, seeing that they have at times to get out such words as methylethylamylophenylium.
化学家一般都不结巴。任你是谁,在会话中加入大量类似“methylethylamylophenylium”之类的词,都会吃不消。
Sir William Crookes,威廉·克鲁克斯(英国化学家)

甲基乙基戊基苯酚

内燃机
Combustion
The cars haven't advanced that much since we were kids. When you boil it down, it's still a gas combustion engine.
几十年来,汽车就没怎么进步过——动力源依然是内燃机。
Dana Brunetti,
I have always considered that the substitution of the internal combustion engine for the horse marked a very gloomy milestone in the progress of mankind.
我总是在想,内燃机的普及代替了马,这是不是人类进步史上一块令人沮丧的里程碑?
Winston Churchill,温斯顿·丘吉尔

原子时代

高级航空
Advanced Flight
Sure, jets are fast and economical, but, oh my, what fun we've lost and what leisure we've sacrificed in the race for efficiency.
的确喷气机又快又经济。但是在效率竞争之下,我们到底牺牲了多少乐趣?
Ginger Rogers,琴吉·罗杰斯(美国演艺人士)
If God had really intended men to fly, He'd make it easier to get to the airport.
如果让人类能够飞翔是上帝的意图,那为什么机场老是被造在鸡不生蛋的地方?
George Winters,乔治·温特斯

与其说格言还不如说是一种自然产生的定式玩笑。类似的版本有“如果让人类能够飞翔是上帝的意图,那为什么我们出生的时候没带着机票?”

火箭学
Rocketry
Rocket science has been mythologized all out of proportion to its true difficulty.
火箭科学被人们肆意神化,没有一个指出它是多么的困难重重。
John Carmack,约翰·卡马克(美国游戏设计师,第一人称射击游戏之父)
When you launch a rocket, you're not really flying that rocket. You're just sort of hanging on.
发射火箭完全不如驾驶飞机那般美妙:犹如拼命想抓住一根救命稻草一般。
Michael P. Anderson,迈克尔·安德森(美国空军中佐,哥伦比亚号航天飞机积载物总指挥)

在迈克尔·安德森的眼中,火箭和飞机的不同就是火箭需要拼命控制凶暴的燃料和推进力不致其失控。其后文为“You're trying to harness that energy in a way that will propel you into space. And we're very successful in doing that. But there are a million things that can go wrong.(你必须试着掌控这股力量,让它按你预想的方式把你推到太空中去。我们会尽力保证安全,但去掉所有不稳定因素是几乎不可能的)”。
不幸的是,最终他的担心变为了现实——其搭乘的哥伦比亚号航天飞机因一处起飞前未被排除的安全隐患,于2003年2月1日返回大气层时于空中爆炸解体,机上七人全部遇难。这句话就被记录在波士顿环球报的哥伦比亚事故特集中。

高级弹道学
Advanced Ballistics
Untutored courage is useless in the face of educated bullets.
没有教养的勇气在受过教育的子弹面前毫无意义。
George Patton,乔治·史密斯·帕顿(美国军人)
Aim for the moon. If you miss, you may hit a star.
瞄准月亮。就算你打歪了,说不定也能打中颗星星。
W. Clement Stone,W·克莱蒙·斯通(美国企业家)

这句格言也是出处不明,被指向过许多人。其含义是“在努力之前把目标定到很高的位置。就算你半路败下阵来,也肯定已经有所成就了。”

协同作战
Combined Arms
Better to fight for something than live for nothing.
为信念而战,优于为无为而活。
George S. Patton,乔治·史密斯·帕顿(美国军人)
The chief incalculable in war is the human will.
在战争中,最难以计算的是人类的意志力。
B.H. Liddell Hart.,B.H.利蒂尔·哈特(一战军事研究家)

出自其1941年的著作《战略论·间接地达成目标》。贯通上下文来看,其要表达的意思是“战术层面的计算很困难,因为不确定因素过多。战略层面的计算,不是为了应对各种预想之外的问题,而是将问题发生这个事件的可能性本身降到最低”。

塑料
Plastics
In the hierarchy of the major poetic substances, plastic figures as a disgraced material, lost between the effusiveness of rubber and the flat hardness of metal.
用诗的见解来看待物质序列的话,塑料并不是个什么好东西。它既没有橡胶的溢于言表之性,又缺乏金属的坚韧严厉。
Roland Barthes,罗兰·巴特(法国哲学家)
Nothing on this earth lasts forever. Except maybe plastic.
这世界上不存在什么永远不会毁灭的东西。……也许塑料除外。
Patricia Dunn,
电子计算机
Computers
To err is human, but to really foul things up you need a computer.
人都会犯事。但如果你真的想搞个新闻,还是得靠电脑。
Paul R. Ehrlich,保尔·R·埃里希
The good thing about computers is that they do what you tell them to do. The bad news is that they do what you tell them to do.
电脑的优点是绝对遵从命令。电脑的缺点也是绝对遵从命令。
Ted Nelson,西奥多·赫尔姆·尼尔森(美国社会学家)
核裂变
Nuclear Fission
If you go on with this nuclear arms race, all you are going to do is make the rubble bounce.
就算你再倾心于核军备竞赛,也只不过就是能把瓦砾粉碎的更彻底而已。
Winston Churchill,温斯顿·丘吉尔

不管你持有多少核武器,解决问题也总是只需要最初的几发而已。剩下的核弹,你要是再想找点东西炸,估计也只剩下瓦砾了。这是丘吉尔对核军备竞争的讽刺,暗指这完全是在做超级巨大的无用功。


Leave the atom alone.
莫伸手。
E. Y. Harburg,
合成材料
Synthetic Materials
There's so much plastic in this culture that vinyl leopard skin is becoming an endangered synthetic.
现今社会充斥着塑料制品,导致聚氯乙烯豹皮已经快绝种了。
Lily Tomlin,莉莉·托姆林(美国演员)
There may be no forgiveness for polyester. On this one matter, Satan and the Lord are in agreement.
对涤纶无需慈悲。在这一点上恶魔与上帝达成了一致。
Joe Hill,乔·希尔(美国小说家)

信息时代

远程通信
Telecommunications
Mr. Watson… Come here… I want to see you.
华生……过来……我有事要找你。(华生,来我身边)
Alexander Graham Bell,亚历山大·格拉汉姆·贝尔 第一次通过电话传输的语句(华生为贝尔的助手)

世界上第一通电话。


The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place.
交流的唯一且最大问题是如何认为对方理解了你的意思。
George Bernard Shaw,乔治·伯纳德·乔(爱尔兰文学家)
人造卫星
Satellites
A satellite has no conscience.
卫星无良心。
Edward R. Murrow,爱德华·R·马洛(美国记者)
Right now there are thirty-one satellites zipping around the world with nothing better to do than help you find your way to the grocery store.
现在有31颗卫星在地球轨道上运行,而他们能派上的用途也就指路而已。
Ed Burnette,艾德·巴内特(出自《Hello, Android》)

31颗人造卫星指的是GPS定位系统。这句引述的后文是“这么个除了定位外没什么用的系统摆在你的面前,你会想出什么样的办法去活用呢?”。

制导系统
Guidance Systems
If you do not change direction, you may end up where you were heading.
生大材,不遇其时,其势定衰。生平庸,不化其势,其性定弱。
Lao Tzu,老子《道德经》

疑似道德经中的“善行,无辙迹”。


I love watching my mom argue with the GPS on the way home.
我特爱看着我妈妈开车时一路和GPS定位斗到家。
Isabelle Fuhrman,伊沙贝勒·法曼(美国演员)
激光
Lasers
When God said, 'Let there be light,' he surely must have meant perfectly coherent light.
上帝说,“要有光”。他一定是想要一束完美的相干光。
Charles Townes,查尔斯·汤斯(美国物理学家,激光原理奠基者)

激光开山老祖。


I'm a big laser believer – I really think they are the wave of the future.
我是个激光的信徒——我真心认为激光的时代已近在眼前。
Courteney Cox,科托尼·科克斯(美国演员)

然后这位是受过激光手术治疗的。

复合材料
Composites
All material things seem to have been composed of the hard and solid particles … variously associated with the first Creation by the counsel of an Intelligent Agent.
一切物质都由坚固的基本粒子构成……然后它们在某个智慧生命的协助下与最初的造物产生了千丝万缕的联系。
Isaac Newton,艾萨克·牛顿
It is obvious that while science is struggling to bring Heaven to Earth some men are using its materials in the construction of Hell.
很明显,科学正努力将人世变为天堂,但也有人准备以此将世界化为炼狱。
Herbert Hoover,赫伯特·胡佛 美国总统
隐形技术
Stealth Technology
I would say invisibility would be sort of a fun power to have just to see what it was like to move through the world and not be looked at.
变成透明人一定很有意思吧……这样你就可以在不被人注目的情况下畅游世界了。
Kevin Bacon,凯文·培根(美国演员)
In art and dream may you proceed with abandon. In life may you proceed with balance and stealth.
在艺术的世界中你可以自由奔放地前进。在现实中你必须注重均衡和秘密主义。
Patti Smith,帕提·史密斯(美国音乐家)
机器人
Robotics
Robotics has been around forever, and it's been the next big thing forever, and it is so exciting and compelling that it's easy to get carried away.
不管过了多久,机器人学一直被视为次时代科技的核心。它是如此的魅力十足,研究者很容易忘记实用性而深陷于制作演示不能自拔。
Colin Angle,柯林·安格尔(iRobot社长)
I'll be back.

最早得知于我们桀骜不羁的麦克阿瑟同学,后来大家更喜欢让州长斯瓦辛格代表。

核聚变
Nuclear Fusion
I am a big proponent of harnessing the power of fusion – from 93 million miles away. Fusion is done by our sun really, really well and for free. Here on Earth in reactors, not so much.
那个距离地球一亿五千万公里的核聚变反应简直太美了。太阳是完美的核聚变炉,又高效又低成本。相比之下地球上的那些玩意究竟算个啥?
Joe Romm,乔·罗姆
When we look up at night and view the stars, everything we see is shining because of distant nuclear fusion.
我们抬头望向那浩瀚星空时,眼中的点点繁星都是遥远宇宙中核聚变反应所产生的光辉。
Carl Sagan,卡尔·萨根
纳米技术
Nanotechnology
If technology is the engine of change, then nanotechnology is the fuel for humanity's future.
如果说科学是变革的引擎,纳米技术就是将人类带向未来的染料。
Natasha Vita-More,娜塔莎·比她摩
Many, many rules had begun to bend at the hand of nanotechnology … This produced a lot of good, and a lot of bad.
纳米技术带来了无数的剧变。它产生了无数的好东西,也带来了无数的坏东西。
Matt Spire,马特·斯帕亚
未来科技
Future Tech
There is nothing like a dream to create the future.
这世界上没有任何东西能像梦想一般创造未来。
Victor Hugo,维克托·雨果

出自小说“悲惨世界”。
全文:There is nothing like dogma to produce the dream.(这世界上没有东西能像独断一样创造梦想)
There is nothing like a dream to create the future.(也没有东西能像梦想一样创造未来)
Utopia today, flesh and blood tomorrow.(今日的理想乡,或许明日就会血肉丰满地出现在你面前)


Even though the future seems far away, it is actually beginning right now.
尽管人人都认为未来距离自己很遥远,但实际上它就在每个人的脚下。
Mattie Stepanek,马蒂•史蒂潘奈克,美国英雄小诗人
  1. 详情见 Mattie_Stepanek

人文

远古时代

法典
Code of Laws
It is not wisdom but authority that makes a law.
制定法典所依靠的不是智慧,而是权力。
Thomas Hobbes,托马斯·霍布斯(英国政治家)
At his best, man is the noblest of all animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.
人在完美的时候,是最高尚的动物;但当失去法律和公正之后,他就是最坏的。
Aristotle,亚里士多德(古希腊哲学家)
工艺
Craftsmanship
Without craftsmanship, inspiration is a mere reed shaken in the wind.
灵感若失去工艺的支持,就会沦为风中摇曳的芦苇。
Johannes Brahms,约翰内斯·勃拉姆斯(德国音乐家)

再说得通俗点,“没有手艺的话,再牛的灵光一现也只能沦为画饼”。或者是“凡庸的想法千千万,能实现想法的只有工艺”。


Skill without imagination is craftsmanship and gives us many useful objects such as wickerwork picnic baskets.
没有想象力的技术就是工艺。对,就是给我们提供了许多诸如野餐编筐之类的有用物品的技术。
Tom Stoppard,汤姆·斯托帕德(英国剧作家)
外贸
Foreign Trade
Every nation lives by exchanging.
所有国家都依赖贸易生存。
Adam Smith,亚当·斯密(英国经济学家)

实际上这句话并未出现在《国富论》中。国富论第一篇第四章开头有一句十分相似的话“Every man lives by exchanging.(人离开了交换就难以生存)”,直指商业的本质。


That's the positive aspect of trade I suppose. The world gets stirred up together.
要我说贸易的积极方面,大概就是把世界联为一体了。
Isabel Hoving,伊莎贝尔
军事传统
Military Tradition
Bravery is being the only one who knows you're afraid.
大勇不惧,非为无惧,不露惧也。
Colonel David Hackworth,
I don't underrate the value of military knowledge, but if men make war in slavish obedience to rules, they will fail.
我不是在贬低军事知识的价值,而是说那些在战争中被条条框框束缚住的人,全都死无葬身之地。
Ulysses S. Grant,尤利乌斯·S·格兰特(美国军事家)
徭役
State Workforce
A strong economy begins with a strong, well-educated workforce.
强大的经济,起步于一支强力而有素质的劳动力大军。
Bill Owens,比尔·欧文斯
It is equally important to have a happy and engaged workforce as it is to have a profitable bottom line.
拥有一批训练有素并对你满意的劳动力和获取利益同等重要。
Vern Dosch,梵·多斯
早期帝国
Early Empire
Look back over the past, with its changing empires that rose and fell, and you can foresee the future, too.
回望过去,考察帝国兴衰更替历史,你就能够预见未来。
Marcus Aurelius,马可奥勒利乌斯(罗马皇帝)
It was luxuries like air conditioning that brought down the Roman Empire. With air conditioning their windows were shut; they couldn't hear the barbarians coming.
一定是空气调和剂之类的奢侈品毁了罗马帝国。因为这些东西,贵族们关着窗户,也听不到蛮族打进来了。
Garrison Keillor,葛瑞森·凯勒
神秘主义
Mysticism
Mysticism is the mistake of an accidental and individual symbol for a universal one.
所谓神秘主义,就是误将偶然的产物认为是普遍现象。
Ralph Waldo Emerson,拉尔夫·瓦尔多·艾玛森(美国思想家)

拉尔夫·瓦尔多·艾玛森认为神秘学家和诗人在证明人类的智慧方面同等重要,但他也认为神秘学家只是将某些象征物认定为不变的真理,因此很快遭到淘汰,并非一味否定迷信。


I like to say I practice militant mysticism. I'm absolutely sure of some things that I don't quite know.
我是个军队式的神秘主义的实践者——因为我能坚定不移地去相信一些我不太清楚的东西。
Rob Bell,罗博·贝尔

古典时代

游戏与娱乐
Games and Recreation
If bread is the first necessity of life, recreation is a close second.
面包第一性,娱乐第二性。
Edward Bellamy,爱德华·贝拉米(美国小说家)
People who cannot find time for recreation are sooner or later to find time for illness.
没有时间休息的人,早晚会疾病缠身。
John Wanamaker,约翰·沃纳梅克(美国商人,百货商店之父)

一位年迈退休后才理解娱乐的重要性的大商人的留言。他的传记中也有几句类似的话。
“好好干活,好好休息,好好娱乐。假如你劳累了一整天,那么傍晚你的身体渴求休息、你的心灵渴求娱乐,也是理所当然的。”
“给高龄员工一份能令他们退休后安心休息和娱乐的退休金计划。给年轻员工一些晋升的机会。”

政治哲学
Political Philosophy
Politics is the art of the possible, the attainable – the art of the next best.
政治是一门尽最大可能追求现实的艺术——不求最好,但求其次。
Otto von Bismarck,奥托·冯·俾斯麦(德国政治家)
Divide and rule, a sound motto. Unite and lead, a better one.
分而治之,乃是故伎;统而御之,方为上策。
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe,约翰·沃尔夫冈·冯·歌德(德国哲学家)
戏剧与诗歌
Drama and Poetry
The poets have been mysteriously silent on the subject of cheese.
谈论到奶酪时,世界上的所有诗人都保持了沉默。
G. K. Chesterton,G.K.却斯特顿(英国作家)
All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players.
世界是舞台,大幕已拉开。角色大家演,是谁谁明白。
William Shakespeare,威廉·莎士比亚(英国文学家)
军事训练
Military Training
If it's natural to kill, how come men have to go into training to learn how?
如果杀戮是天性,人们为什么还要进行训练?
Joan Baez,琼·贝兹(美国音乐家,反战运动家)

考虑到作者的身份以及这句话摘录自和平教育读本,这句话的文脉应该是“杀戮并非无法抑制的本能。爱与亲也是人类本能的一部分”。


Those who in quarrels interpose, must often wipe a bloody nose.
贸然插手争端,必然血流满面。
John Gay,约翰·盖伊(英国诗人)

别人吵架爱插嘴,一定鼻子常流血,已经成为一句俗语。

防御战术
Defensive Tactics
Invincibility lies in the defense; the possibility of victory in the attack.
不可胜者,守也;可胜者,攻也。
Sun Tzu,孙子(中国古代军事家)

含义:“敌人打不赢自己的条件是自己创造的,但是我们打不打得赢是敌人说了算的。因此,首先保护好自己,然后去发现胜机,抓住机会再进攻。”


Defense is superior to opulence.
守护财富比赚取财富更重要。
Adam Smith,亚当·斯密(英国经济学家)

出自《国富论》第四篇第二章。亚当斯密在这一章批判了重商主义而支持自由贸易,但他也认为保护比赚取更重要,也因此认为英国为了利于国防而限制市场是明智之举。

史学
Recorded History
I've lived through some terrible things in my life, some of which actually happened.
我的人生充满了恐怖,但只有一小部分实际发生了。
Mark Twain,马克·吐温
History is the version of past events that people have decided to agree upon.
所谓历史,就是人们对过去发生的事情所产生的一致意见。
Napoleon Bonaparte,拿破仑·波拿巴
神学
Theology
We can no more have exact religious thinking without theology, than exact mensuration and astronomy without mathematics, or exact iron-making without chemistry.
如果没有神学我们就无法建立严格的宗教思想,正如数学之于天文学,和化学之于炼铁那样。
John Hall,约翰·霍尔
Man suffers only because he takes seriously what the gods made for fun.
人类之所以受苦,是因为他们太把上帝的恶作剧当回事。
Alan W. Watts,阿兰·W·瓦特

中古时代

海军传统
Naval Tradition
A good navy is not a provocation to war. It is the surest guaranty of peace.
一支强大的海军并非是对敌人的宣战书,而人民的是护身符。
Theodore Roosevelt,西奥多·罗斯福(美国总统)
The Navy has both a tradition and a future – and we look with pride and confidence in both directions.
海军有传承和未来,就如同我们有荣誉和信心。
Arleigh Burke,阿利·伯克(美国海军将军)

说话人不是阿利·伯克,而是美国海军作战部长乔治·安德森。文明百科自身出错。

封建主义
Fedualism
In democracy it's your vote that counts; in feudalism it's your count that votes.
在民主主义体制下是你投下神圣的一票;在封建主义体制下则是把你当票投。
Mogens Jallberg,摩根·杰宝
With the advance of feudalism came the growth of iron armor, until, at last, a fighting-man resembled an armadillo.
随着封建制度的发达,铁甲的技术也随之发达,最终产生了如穿山甲一般身披重铠的战士。
John Boyle O'Reilly,约翰·波勒·欧莱利
行政事务
Civil Service
It's all papers and forms, the entire civil service is like a fortress made of papers, forms and red tape.
不管什么都牵涉到文书,文书还有文书!整个行政事务办公室就如同一座用纸张,文件和手续堆积而成的要塞!
Alexander Ostrovsky,亚历山大·奥斯特洛夫斯基(苏联作家)
The taxpayer - that's someone who works for the federal government but doesn't have to take the civil service examination.
所谓纳税人,就是无需参加公务员考试也能为联邦政府做贡献的人的总称。
Ronald Reagan,罗纳德·里根(美国政治家)
雇佣兵
Mercenaries
In peace one is despoiled by mercenaries; in war by one's enemies.
在和平时期是被佣兵抢劫,在战争时期是被敌人抢劫。
Niccolo Machiavelli,尼科洛·马基雅弗利(意大利政治家)
Being a mercenary, though … Hey, we just go wherever there's a mixture of money and trouble.
所谓佣兵呢,嗯……嘿,哪里有金钱和纷争的气息,哪里就有我们!
Howard Tayler,霍华德·泰勒
中世纪集镇
Medieval Faires
All that glisters is not gold; often have you heard that told.
闪闪发光的并不一定是金子。多么一语中的。
William Shakespeare,威廉·莎士比亚
There are very honest people who do not think that they have had a bargain unless they have cheated a merchant.
这世界上就是存在那么些老实人,认为讨价还价就是坑蒙拐骗。
Anatole France,安纳托尔·法朗士(法国作家)
行会
Guilds
Every man should make his son learn some useful trade or profession, so that in these days of changing fortunes … they may have something tangible to fall back upon.
每一位父亲都应该手把手教会自己的儿子一门手艺,如果你想让他在无法预测的社会生活中占有一席之地的话。
Phineas T. Barnum,菲尼斯·T·巴南
You can't go around arresting the Thieves' Guild. I mean, we'd be at it all day!
嘿,小子,别想着四处捉拿盗贼行会的人,会把自己累死的!
Terry Pratchett,泰瑞·普莱契

出自大长篇《Discworld》第八集《Guards! Guards!》。现实世界中当然不存在盗贼行会。

君权神授
Divine Right
I conclude then this point touching upon the power of kings with this axiom of divinity, That as to dispute what God may do is blasphemy … so it is sedition to dispute what a king may do.
如果基于神的原理来解释国王的权利的话……既然违抗神的意志就是亵渎。那么违抗国王的意志就是背叛。
King James I,詹姆斯一世
Listen, strange women lying in ponds distributing swords is no basis for a system of government … You can't expect to wield supreme power just 'cause some watery tart threw a sword at you!
听着,一个古怪的女人躺在湖里发大宝剑不可能成为政府的基础。什么水多的婊子丢给你个神器就能获取至高无上的权利,简直是异想天开。
Monty Python,巨蟒(英国喜剧团体)

出自其电影《巨蟒与圣杯》。此句子为扮演迪尼斯的迈克尔·培林对剧中的亚瑟王说出的台词。

文艺复兴时代

探索
Exploration
The day we stop exploring is the day we commit ourselves to live in a stagnant world, devoid of curiosity, empty of dreams.
人类停止探索之日,即是我等下定决心在一个毫无梦想和好奇心的世界里活下去之日。
Neil deGrasse Tyson,奈尔·德格拉斯·泰森(美国天文学家)
We shall not cease from exploration, and the end of all our exploring will be to arrive where we started and know the place for the first time.
探索永无止境,我们不会停下。所有的探索,最终将会引领我们回到起点,并且令我们知晓自己身在何方。
T.S. Eliot,T.S.艾略特(英国诗人)

取自《Little Gidding》第五节。整本书异常晦涩难懂,这是其中少数比较容易理解的句子。

人文主义
Humanism
The four characteristics of humanism are curiosity, a free mind, belief in good taste, and belief in the human race.
人文主义的四大支柱:好奇心,自由的精神,对良心的信仰和对人类的信赖。
E.M. Forster,E.M.福斯特(英国小说家)
You must not lose faith in humanity. Humanity is like an ocean; if a few drops of the ocean are dirty, the ocean does not become dirty
永远不要对人性放弃希望。人性如汪洋大海,区区几滴污水无法令整片海洋变得浑浊。
Mahatma Gandhi,圣雄甘地
外交部
Diplomatic Service
In diplomacy there are two kinds of problems: small ones and large ones. The small ones will go away by themselves, and the large ones you will not be able to do anything about.
外交上存在两种问题:小问题和大问题。小问题放着不管也会自然解决,至于大问题……你竭尽所能也改变不了什么。
Patrick McGuinness,帕特里克·马吉尼斯
A diplomat is a man who always remembers a woman's birthday but never remembers her age.
所谓外交官,就是只记得住女士的生日,但永远记不住她的年龄的男人。
Robert Frost,罗伯特·佛洛斯特(美国诗人)
归正教会
Reformed Church
I don't like to commit myself about Heaven and Hell, you see, I have friends in both places.
我可不愿意在天堂与地狱之间站队。哪边都有我的朋友。
Mark Twain,马克·吐温
The three great elements of modern civilization: gun powder, printing, and the Protestant religion.
现代文明的三大要素:火药,印刷和新教。
Thomas Carlyle,托马斯·卡莱尔(英国评论家)
重商主义
Merchantilism
In a market economy, however, the individual has some possibility of escaping from the power of the state.
……但是,在市场经济环境下,多少存在一些个人从国家的权利和管制中滑脱的可能性。
Peter Berger,彼得·博格(美国社会学家)
Having seen a non-market economy, I suddenly understood much better what I liked about a market economy.
当我实际目睹了非市场经济后,我突然对市场经济的好处有了更深的理解。
Esther Dyson,艾斯塔·戴森(英国哲学家)
启蒙运动
The Enlightenment
New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other reason but because they are not already common.
新的意见和思想总是被怀疑和反对。不为别的,只是因为它尚未普及。
John Locke,约翰·洛克(英国哲学家)
Whatever is contrary to nature is contrary to reason, and whatsoever is contrary to reason is absurd.
容不下自然的原理的人也容不下道理。而容不下道理的人简直就是荒唐无稽。
Baruch Spinoza,巴鲁赫·斯宾诺莎(荷兰哲学家)

工业时代

殖民主义
Colonialism
Remember that politics, colonialism, imperialism and war also originated in the human brain.
政治,殖民主义,帝国主义和战争。不要忘记:这些都是人的思想的产物。
Vilayanur Ramachandran,维莱亚努尔·拉玛钱德勒(印度医师)
Colonialism. The enforced spread of the rule of reason. But who is going to spread it among the colonizers?
殖民主义。强制普及由理性主导的统治。可是又由谁来为殖民者来普及这些呢?
Anthony Burgess,安东尼·伯吉斯(英国小说家)
土木工学
Civil Engineering
Improvement makes straight roads; but the crooked roads without improvement are roads of Genius.
稍加施工,我们就能得到一条笔直的道路。但是弯弯曲曲而未经整理的道路才是天才之路。
William Blake,威廉·布莱克(英国诗人)
A common mistake that people make when trying to design something completely foolproof is to underestimate the ingenuity of complete fools.
想要设计出最笨的傻瓜也能自如操作的东西的人,基本都会犯相同的错误——低估无可救药的傻瓜们的独出心裁能力。
Douglas Adams,道格拉斯·亚当斯(英国科幻作家)

摘自《The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy》。工程师们热捧的一句名言。

民族主义
Nationalism
It is nationalism which engenders nations, and not the other way round.
爱国主义才能催生国家。想将这个顺序逆转,决无可能。
Ernest Gellner,厄内斯特·盖尔纳(犹太学者)
Human nature, as manifested in tribalism and nationalism, provides the momentum of the machinery of human evolution.
看看部族主义和民族主义便知。人类的本性就是推动进化的齿轮的原动力。
Arthur Keith,亚瑟·凯斯(英国学者)
歌剧与芭蕾
Opera and Ballet
Opera is when a guy gets stabbed in the back and, instead of bleeding, he sings.
歌剧就是一个人背后被捅了一刀不会流血,而是开始歌唱。
Robert Benchley,罗伯特·本特利
It [ballet] projects a fragile kind of strength and a certain inflexible precision.
芭蕾,创造了纤柔的力量和不可改变的精密。
Ayn Rand,艾因·蓝德(美国小说家)
自然历史
Natural History
Had I been present at the Creation, I would have given some useful hints for the better ordering of the universe.
假如盘古开天辟地之时我在场,我还能给他点如何把这个世界弄得更美妙些的建议……
Nelson Algren,纳尔逊·艾格琳(美国作家)
In all works on Natural History, we constantly find details of the marvelous adaptation of animals to their food, their habits, and the localities in which they are found.
通过博物学的研究,我们知晓了动物在食物,习性和生活环境方面展现出的惊人适应力。
Alfred Wallace,阿尔弗雷德·拉塞尔·华莱士(英国考古学家)
都市化
Urbanization
It's the Industrial Revolution and the growth of urban concentrations that led to a sense of anonymity.
是工业革命和都市化带来了匿名的概念。
Vint Cerf,文顿·瑟夫(美国计算机学家)

隐私是伴随着都市化和近代化而诞生的概念,也有可能会是仅存于现代的昙花一现之物。“只有三千人的小村庄不存在隐私的概念”。


What I like about cities is that everything is king size, the beauty and the ugliness.
城市的优秀之处在于,无论是美的一面还是丑恶的一面都是特大号的。
Joseph Brodsky,约瑟夫·布洛茨基
焦土政策
Scorched Earth
War is hell.
战争,就是地狱。(核平是危险的,但战争则是地狱)
William Tecumseh Sherman,威廉·谢尔曼(美国军人)

谢尔曼坦克的名称来源。在亚特兰大区域果断执行焦土战术确保胜利。但他本人并不喜杀戮,留下了许多控诉战争的虚无和悲惨的文字。


I only understand friendship or scorched earth.
我只懂宣布友谊,或者,焦土。
Roger Ailes,罗杰·埃尔斯

这句话的含义是“我只知道敌人和朋友。对我来说没有两者之间这个概念。”

近代

保护自然
Conservation
Water and air, the two essentials on which life depends, have become global garbage cans.
水,空气。生命赖以生存的两大要素,已经变成了世界是最大的垃圾桶。(污染与排放)
Jacques Yves Cousteau,雅克·伊夫·库斯托(法国海洋学家)
Destroying rainforest for economic gain is like burning a Renaissance painting to cook a meal.
以破坏雨林为代价来创造利益,就像拿一副文艺复兴时期的画作当柴火。
Edward Wilson,爱德华·威尔森
大众传媒
Mass Media
The effect of the mass media is not to elicit belief but to maintain the apparatus of addiction.
大众传媒的效果不是集约意见,而是维持狂热和依赖性。
Christopher Lasch,克里斯托弗·拉修(美国历史学家)
If you don't read the newspaper, you're uninformed. If you read the newspaper, you're mis-informed.
不读报纸的人与社会脱节。读了报纸的人与真相脱节。
Mark Twain,马克·吐温
动员
Mobilization
When they are preparing for war, those who rule by force speak most copiously about peace until they have completed the mobilization process.
准备战争的领袖们,总是在动员工作完成之前说一些和平之类的话。
Stefan Zweig,斯蒂芬·茨威格(澳大利亚作家)
In order to rally people, governments need enemies … if they do not have a real enemy, they will invent one in order to mobilize us.
为了要把人民团结起来,他们的政府就会需要一个敌人……如果没有?他们就会自己造一个,好动员我们。
Nhat Hanh,纳特·亨(越南作家)
资本主义
Capitalism
The inherent vice of capitalism is the unequal sharing of blessings; the inherent virtue of socialism is the equal sharing of miseries.
资本主义的一大缺点,就是不会平等的分享幸福。而社会主义的一大特色,就是会平分……痛苦。
Winston Churchill,温斯顿·丘吉尔
Always try to rub up against money, for if you rub against money long enough, some of it may rub off on you.
尽情爱抚金钱吧。摸着摸着,也许它就会反过来爱抚你。
Damon Runyon,达蒙·拉尼亚(美国作家)
意识形态
Ideology
It has been demonstrated that no system, not even the most inhuman, can continue to exist without an ideology.
不论是什么样的社会体制——哪怕是最不人道的——都无法脱离意识形态而存在。
Joe Slovo,乔·斯洛夫
Slowly, ideas lead to ideology, lead to policies that lead to actions.
……渐渐地,思想产生了意识形态,意识形态形成了政策,而政策最终转变成行动。
Nandan Nilekani,南丹·尼尔卡尼
核计划
Nuclear Program
The release of atom power has changed everything except our way of thinking…the solution to this problem lies in the heart of mankind. If only I had known, I should have become a watchmaker.
原子能的释放改变了一切,除了我们的思维方式……人们对于这个问题的解决方法心知肚明。如果我早知道会发生这一切,或许我现在是一个钟表匠。
Albert Einstein,艾伯特·爱因斯坦
The children of the nuclear age, I think, were weakened in their capacity to love. Hard to love, when you're bracing yourself for impact.
原子时代的孩子们,……我想,在爱情方面的能力有所减弱。时刻准备应对爆炸的冲击的情况下,是很难去爱的。
Martin Amis,马丁·艾米斯(英国小说家)
选举权
Suffrage
Why is a woman to be treated differently? Woman suffrage will succeed, despite this miserable guerilla opposition.
为什么女人就要被差别对待?尽管这种抵抗只是散发且短暂的,女性终究会赢得选举权。
Victoria Woodhull,维多利亚·伍德豪尔
Men, their rights, and nothing more; women, their rights, and nothing less.
男人的权力不能再多,女人的权力不能再少!
Susan B. Anthony,苏珊·安东尼(美国女权运动领袖)
极权主义
Totalitarianism
Only the mob and the elite can be attracted by the momentum of totalitarianism itself. The masses have to be won by propaganda.
只有暴徒和精英阶层才会被极权主义的思想吸引。而大众的支持,只能通过政治宣传去赢取。
Hannah Arendt,汉娜·阿伦特(德国思想家)
The ultimate end of any ideology is totalitarianism.
任何意识形态,最终都会走向极权主义。
Tom Robbins,汤姆·罗宾斯
阶级斗争
Class Struggle
There's class warfare, all right, but it's my class, the rich class, that's making war … and we're winning.
阶级斗争正在发生。没错,是在发生,但挑起战争的是我们的阶层——富人阶层……而且我们正在迈向胜利。
Warren Buffett,沃伦·巴菲特(美国投资家)
The class struggle necessarily leads to the dictatorship of the proletariat.
阶级斗争,最后必然会导致无产阶级的专政。
Karl Marx,卡尔 马克思

原子时代

文化遗产
Cultural Heritage
A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.
不了解过往历史、起源和文化的人,就如同一株无根之木。
Marcus Garvey,马科斯·加维(牙买加企业家)
You don't stumble upon your heritage. It's there, just waiting to be explored and shared.
传统并不是偶然的结果。它就在那里,静静的等待你去发现和分享。
Robbie Robertson,罗比·罗伯森(加拿大音乐家)
冷战
Cold War
From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent.
从波罗的海到亚得里亚海的里雅斯特,铁幕已经在整片大陆降下。
Winston Churchill,温斯顿·丘吉尔
The Cold War is not thawing; it is burning with a deadly heat.
冷战的冰并未融化,反而愈演愈烈。
Richard Nixon,理查德·尼克森(美国政治家)

下文:共产主义也并未沉睡,他们依然在构思,计划,工作和战斗。

职业体育
Professional Sports
If winning isn't everything, why do they keep score?
如果胜利不是唯一的目标,那为什么要记分?
Vince Lombardi,文森特·汤玛斯·伦巴第(美国橄榄球教练)
Sports do not build character. They reveal it.
体育并不孕育个性,而是揭示个性。
Heywood Broun,海伍德·布罗恩
快速部署
Rapid Deployment
A good plan violently executed right now is far better than a perfect plan executed next week.
不计代价立刻进行一个好的计划,比下周才执行一个完美无缺的计划更好。
George S. Patton,乔治·史密斯·巴顿(美国军人)

从孙子到帖木儿,从苏沃洛夫到拿破仑,几乎所有的知名用兵人都提出了时间的重要性。


Never mind the maneuvers, just go straight at them.
这只是一个演习!快滚过去!
Horatio Nelson,霍雷肖·纳尔逊

这位英雄总是在战斗开始之前说出这句话。

太空竞赛
Space Race
We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard.
我们将在十年内登月。并非因为容易,而是因为困难。
John F. Kennedy,约翰·肯尼迪(美国总统)

虽然确实做到了,但肯尼迪自己却没能活到那一天。


NASA spent millions of dollars inventing the ball-point pen so they could write in space. The Russians took a pencil.
美国的宇航局花了几百万美元发明了太空笔,以便在无重力条件下写字,俄罗斯人拿出了一支铅笔。
Will Chabot,威尔·夏伯特

有名的美国玩笑。实际是这支圆珠笔的生产厂商借此大打广告,赚得钵满盆肥。

信息时代

全球化
Globalization
It has been said that arguing against globalization is like arguing against the laws of gravity.
有人说,反对全球化就像反对万有引力一样。
Kofi Annan,科菲·安南(诺贝尔和平奖获得者)
One day there will be no borders, no boundaries, no flags and no countries and the only passport will be the heart.
总有一天我们没有国境,没有边界,没有国旗。唯一需要的通行证,就是我们的心。
Carlos Santana,卡洛斯·桑塔纳(20世纪60-70年代的伟大音乐家)

但是现今社会中,世界的潮流分明指向着国家意识的增强。人类的未来,会是多个国家的集合体呢,还是如上所述,如万有引力一般自然地走向全球化呢,亦或是,别的可能性……?

社交媒体
Social Media
Which of all my important nothings shall I tell you first?
……好吧,我们该从哪件重要的破事说起?
Jane Austen,简·奥斯汀(英国小说家)
Distracted from distraction by distraction!
我本是来散心的,结果被别的杀时间的活动吸引了注意力!
T.S. Eliot,T.S.艾略特(英国诗人)

原文本是颂唱时间的高格调作品,句子本身也非常难以翻译。单独切出这一段作为引用,可能是因为这句话所反映的情景在互联网上经常出现吧。 ……但英文原文在引用时,增加了一个感叹号,结果导致参照上下文翻译变得毫无意义,只能单独翻译。

奇观

远古时代

巨石阵
Stonehenge
Can you imagine trying to talk six hundred people into helping you drag a fifty-ton stone eighteen miles across the countryside and muscle it into an upright position, and then saying, 'Right, lads! Another twenty like that … and then we can party!
你能想象这样的场景么——600人在田间拖着50吨重的巨石移动了30多公里,然后以人力将其竖起后,大喊“很好,兄弟们!我们再这样搞它20次,就能开开心心搞派对了!”
Bill Bryson,
空中花园
Hanging Garden
The ascent to the highest story is by stairs, and at their side are water engines, by means of which persons, appointed expressly for the purpose, are continually employed in raising water from the Euphrates into the garden.
想爬上这里的最高点必须走楼梯。梯子旁边就是引水上空中花园的装置,有专人受雇于此,将幼发拉底河水引到最高处。
Strabo,
大金字塔
Great Pyramid
From the heights of these pyramids, forty centuries look down on us.
四千年的历史自金字塔顶俯瞰着我们。
Napoleon Bonaparte,拿破仑·波拿巴
神谕所
Oracle
I sprang upon the swift ship in the form of a dolphin, pray to me as Apollo Delphinius; also the altar itself shall be called Delphinius and overlooked forever.
我以海豚的形象高高跃起于快船边。向我——阿波罗,戴尔菲尼斯——献上祈祷吧。这座祭坛,也应被视为戴尔菲尼斯而永远受祭拜。
Homer,荷马

古典时代

大灯塔
Great Lighthouse
This Lighthouse was the cynosure of all eyes.
这座灯塔是所有目光的焦点。
Henry David Thoreau,亨利·戴维·梭罗(美国作家)
青铜巨像
Colossus
At Rhodes was set up a Colossus of seventy cubits high, representing the Sun … the artist expended as much bronze on it as seemed likely to create a dearth in the mines.
在罗德斯岛上,一座象征太阳的擎天巨像被人类建立。制作者消耗了如此之多的铜,以至于当地铜矿紧缺。
Philo of Byzantium,
佩特拉城
Petra
Petra is a brilliant display of man's artistry in turning barren rock into majestic wonder.
自荒野中脱胎的佩特拉城是人类艺术性的辉煌证明。
Edward Dawson,
兵马俑
Terracotta Army
There were seven wonders in the world, and the discovery of the Terracotta Army, we may say, is the eighth miracle of the world.
这世界上曾有七大奇迹。现在,随着兵马俑的被发现,七大奇迹这个说法该改变了。
Jacques Chirac,
大斗兽场
Colosseum
While the Colosseum stands, Rome shall stand; when the Colosseum falls, Rome shall fall; when Rome falls, the world shall fall.
大斗兽场在,则罗马在。大斗兽场毁,则罗马亡。罗马亡,则世界皆亡。
Saint Bede,
大图书馆
Great Library
We can roam the bloated stacks of the Library of Alexandria, where all imagination and knowledge are assembled; we can recognize in its destruction the warning that all we gather will be lost.
在亚历山大图书馆中,积蓄了人类几乎所有的想象力与智慧。它的毁灭,预示着我们失去了曾经获得的一切。
Alberto Manguel,
摩诃菩提寺
Mahabodhi Temple
In a dusty, bustling corner of the Indian state of Bihar, there is a magical place that one might think of as the hub of Buddhism.
在印度比哈尔州一个满布灰尘的肮脏之所,藏着一个被认为是佛教的中枢的圣地。
Visitor's Guide, Bodh Gaya,

中古时代

休伊神庙
Huey Teocalli
But the wrath of Huizlopochtli was great, and as the sacrifice passed each of the four rooms dedicated to the sun god, the sun disappeared or reappeared in the sky.
维奇罗波奇特利的怒火实在是太神奇了——祭品每经过四个太阳神祭室之一,太阳就会在空中消失或再度出现。
Fray Diego Durán,
圣索菲亚大教堂
Hagia Sophia
It is a beautiful and important monument and an international, inter-cultural treasure … Unless and until it can be shared by both religions in harmony – which would be a grand idea – it should remain a secular building honoring both religions who have made it beautiful.
这是一座联接国与国、文化与文化的,辉煌壮丽的纪念碑……直到它能被两个不同的宗教和谐共享为止,它都应该作为一座公平地赞美两个为它的魅力而努力宗教的非宗教建筑而永远存在。
Ljubo Vujovic,
阿尔罕布拉宫
Alhambra
Everything here appears calculated to inspire kind and happy feelings, for everything is delicate and beautiful.
这里的一切都是如此精致和华美,简直就是为了激起人类的善良和快乐而经过了精密计算。
Washington Irving,
奇琴伊察
Chichen Itza
The Great Ball Court is also very impressive. I would like to have seen them play a game, although it sounds like the end was pretty violent. I think it was safer to be a spectator.
这个大型人祭球场实在令人印象深刻。尽管听说其结局非常残酷,但我还是按耐不住想要观赏这样一场球赛。作为观众,我应该不会被怎么样吧……
IslaDeb,
圣米歇尔山
Mont St. Michel
Church and State, Soul and Body, God and Man, are all one at Mont Saint Michel, and the business of all is to fight, each in his own way, or to stand guard for each other.
圣米歇尔山将教会与国家、精神与肉体、神与人融为一体。他们的使命,就是以各自独特的方式,为了相互守护而奋战不懈。
Henry Adams,

文艺复兴时代

威尼斯军械库
Venetian Arsenal
The commonwealth of Venice in their armory have this inscription: "Happy is that city which in time of peace thinks of war."
威尼斯军械库中,篆刻着这样一行字:“懂得在和平时期担忧战争的国家才配拥有快乐。”
Robert Burton,

引自《The Anatomy of Melancholy(忧郁的解剖)》。本是医学著作,但由“人明明是神按自己的模样制造的类似体,为何会生病呢”的句子开始,将宗教、文化和历史内容集中汇总,最后成了一本大杂烩。这一句子引自其第二部第三节。
虽然这行字的出处已经无法寻找,但应该是“如果你希望和平,那就时刻准备战争”的变体。

大津巴布韦
Great Zimbabwe
King Solomon gave the Queen of Sheba all she desired and asked for; besides what he had given her out of his royal bounty. So she turned and went to her own country, she and her servants.
……为其醉心的所罗门王为席巴女王奉上了她所希望和要求的一切。随后,女王与其侍者转身返回了自己的国家。
1 Kings, 10:13,
紫禁城
Forbidden City
The whole palace complex is built along a central axis, the axis of the world, everything in the four directions suspend from this central point represented by these palaces.
整座宫殿沿着一条中央轴线——世界的轴心——而建。从这一轴心向四方发散出的一切,都被这座宫殿所象征。
Jeffrey Riegel,
布达拉宫
Potala Palace
The first time I stepped onto the rooftop of the Potala Palace, I felt, as never before or since, as if I were stepping onto the rooftop of my being: onto some dimension of consciousness that I'd never visited before.
当我第一次踏上布达拉宫的顶端时,那种感觉我从未感受过,今后应该也不会再感受到——我感觉我如同站在了“我”这个存在的顶端,踏入了一个我从未接触过的高层次空间。
Pico Iyer,

工业时代

鲁尔区
Ruhr Valley
The industrial heart of Germany practically stopped beating. Hardly anyone worked; hardly anything ran. The population of the Ruhr area … had to be supported by the rest of the country.
德意志工业的心脏部分已经停止了搏动——人停止了工作,机器也一动不动。鲁尔区的居民……已经只能依靠外界的支持生存。
Adam Fergusson,

第一次世界大战德国战败后,鲁尔区被赔偿给法国。这句话就是在形容那个时刻的鲁尔区。

牛津大学
Oxford University
The clever men at Oxford... Know all that there is to be knowed. But they none of them know one half as much... As intelligent Mr Toad!
牛津大学的聪明人们知道了应该知晓的一切……但他们没有一个人……懂得有聪明的蟾蜍先生的一半多!
Kenneth Grahame,
大本钟
Big Ben
Don't watch the big clock; do what it does. Keep going.
不要眺望大本钟。学着它做:前行不止。
Sam Levenson,
大彼得罗夫大剧院
Bolshoi Theatre
Bolshoi Ballet is a universe of the imagination, a place of magic and enchantment, beauty and romance. Its many worlds vibrate with graceful dancers, glorious music, and sumptuous costumes.
大彼得罗夫的芭蕾舞剧是想象力形成的小宇宙,是魔法与魅惑、美丽与浪漫的殿堂。优雅的舞者、壮美的音乐、华丽的服装,无一不与其创造的万千世界产生着共鸣。
Trudy Garfunkel,
冬宫
Hermitage
Museums are on the front lines of the fight for culture, of good with evil – in any case, of the fight against platitudes and primitiveness.
博物馆永远站在战争的最前线。这是为了文化的战斗,善与恶的战斗……与陈旧的话语与粗野的精神的战斗。
Mikhail Piotrovsky, Director of the State Hermitage,

近代

埃菲尔铁塔
Eiffel Tower
I ought to be jealous of the tower. She is more famous than I am.
我是不是应该嫉妒一下这座名气比我还响的大铁塔?
Gustave Eiffel,古斯塔夫·埃菲尔
基督像
Cristo Redentor
Thus, the sculpture serves to give people one thought – "Everything is in God's hands."
这座雕像的使命就是让所有看见他的人感受到“一切皆在神的手中”。
Sergey Semenov,
百老汇
Broadway
There's no business like show business.
这世界上不存在比演艺事业更带劲的生意。
Irving Berlin, 'Annie Get Your Gun',

原子时代

悉尼歌剧院
Sydney Opera House
An opera begins long before the curtain goes up and ends long after it has come down. It starts in my imagination, it becomes my life, and it stays part of my life long after I've left the opera house.
歌剧在大幕开启之前便已开始,幕布拉下之后也仍在继续。它从脑海中出现,化为我的人生,并在我离开歌剧院后依然作为我人生的一部分而存在。
Maria Callas,
马拉卡纳体育场
Estádio do Maracanã
Down through its history, only three people have managed to silence the Maracana: the Pope, Frank Sinatra, and me.
历史上,能让整个马拉卡纳体育场沉默下来的人只有三个:罗马教皇,弗兰克·辛纳屈和我。
Alcides Ghiggia, Uruguayan soccer player,阿尔西德斯·吉贾

信息时代

自然奇观

多佛白崖
Cliffs of Dover
Under the White Cliff's battlemented crown, Hushed to a depth of more than Sabbath peace.
在壮观的白崖之下,被比安息日更深沉的宁静包围。
William Wordsworth,
火口湖
Crater Lake
Never again can I gaze upon the beauty spots of the Earth and enjoy them as being the finest thing I have ever seen. Crater Lake is above them all.
世界上竟然有如此美丽之地……我想我再也找不到这样的景观了。这世界上没有东西能和火口湖的美景相比。
Jack London,
死海
Dead Sea
Like to the apples on the Dead Sea's shore, all ashes to the taste.
这有如飞灰的味道……简直就像是死海边结出的苹果一般。
Lord Byron,
加拉帕戈斯群岛
Galapagos Islands
The natural history of this archipelago is very remarkable: it seems to be a little world within itself.
这片群岛的自然历史简直独一无二:这座岛简直就像内蕴了一个独立的小世界。
Charles Darwin,查尔斯·达尔文
大堡礁
Great Barrier Reef
Organisms don't think of CO2 as a poison. Plants and organisms that make shells, coral, think of it as a building block.
生命体从不认为二氧化碳是一种毒物。植物和某种自己制造坚固外壳的生物——珊瑚虫——认为它是建筑材料。
Janine Benyus,
乞力马扎罗山
Kilimanjaro
As it turns out, Mount Kilimanjaro is not wi-fi enabled, so I had to spend two weeks in Tanzania talking to the people on my trip.
在坦桑尼亚逗留的两个星期里,我不得不陪着当地人聊天来打发时间……这鬼地方居然没有Wi-fi信号!
Nancy Bonds,
珠穆朗玛峰
Mount Everest
It is not the mountain we conquer but ourselves.
我们要征服的不是山峰,而是我们自己。
Sir Edmund Hillary,艾德蒙·希拉里爵士
潘塔纳尔湿地
Pantanal
The Pantanal is the most complex intertropical alluvional plain of the planet and perhaps the least known area of the world.
潘塔纳尔湿地是地球上最复杂的热带冲积平原地带,我们对它几乎一无所知。
Aziz Ab'Saber,
米佛峡湾
Piopiotahi
But as I headed into the heart of New Zealand's fiordland that same child-like feeling, long lost, of pure unadulterated awe came rushing back. I knew the road to Milford Sound was good – but this good?
当我步入峡湾区的心脏地带时,心中泛起了遗忘已久的少年时代的那种纯粹的敬畏感。我知道米佛峡湾很漂亮,但我好像还是低估了它的魅力。
Darroch Donald,
托雷德佩恩
Torres del Paine
Several closely situated granite peaks resembling tiger's teeth dramatically soar about a kilometer into the sky
如虎牙般尖利的花岗巨石连成一片,直插云霄。
Howard Hillman,
琴吉德贝马拉哈
Tsingy de Bemaraha
Tsingy is a 250-square-mile tiger trap made up on massive obelisks riddled with jagged spears. And yes, they will cut your pretty face.
琴吉是个250平方公里的巨型捕兽夹,如长矛般的巨石聚集在一起形成了一座剑山。噢,当然,他们会把粗心大意的你刮成大花脸。
Budd Erickson,
约塞米蒂
Yosemite
Yosemite Valley, to me, is always a sunrise, a glitter of green and golden wonder in a vast edifice of stone and space.
在我的心中,约塞米蒂谷是一轮朝阳,一抹绿色和金色交织的奇迹,镶嵌在广阔的石墙上。
Ansel Adams,安塞尔·亚当斯(美国摄影家)

分数评级

奥古斯都·凯撒
Augustus Caesar
I found Rome a city of bricks and left it a city of marble.
罗马。我接收了砖石砌就的她,用大理石将她打扮得富丽堂皇。
汉穆拉比
Hammurabi
The first duty of government is to protect the powerless from the powerful.
政府的第一责任是保护弱者免受强者欺凌。
亚伯拉罕·林肯
Abraham Lincoln
Leave nothing for tomorrow which can be done today.
别把今天能做完的事拖到明天!
温斯顿·丘吉尔
Winston Churchill
Where there is great power there is great responsibility; where there is less power there is less responsibility; and where there is no power there can, I think, be no responsibility.
权利越大,责任越大。权利越小,责任越小。没有权利嘛……我认为没有责任。
纳尔逊·曼德拉
Nelson Mandela
Real leaders must be ready to sacrifice all for the freedom of their people.
真正的领导人,必须要准备好为人民的自由牺牲自己的一切。
叶卡捷琳娜二世
Catherine the Great
Power without a nation's confidence is nothing.
失去了民众信任的国家权力没有任何价值可言。
阿育王
Ashoka
It is forbidden to decry other sects; the true believer gives honor to whatever in them is worthy of honor.
禁止诋毁其他宗教!他们把信仰献给自己的神,值得我们尊敬!
马尔库斯·奥列里乌斯
Marcus Aurelius
The object of life is not to be on the side of the majority, but to escape finding oneself in the ranks of the insane.
生活的目的不是随波逐流,而是要在这种愚蠢的行为中发现自我
莱赫·瓦文萨
Lech Wałęsa
As a nation, we have the right to decide our own affairs, to mold our own future.
作为一个国家,我们有有权决定自己事物,塑造我们自己的未来。
哈瓦谢普苏特
Hatshepsut
Hear ye, all persons! Ye people as many as ye are! I have done things according to the design of my heart.
听好了,所有人都听好了!我所做的每一件事都是深思熟虑过的!
夏尔·戴高乐
Charles de Gaulle
Let us be firm, pure and faithful; at the end of our sorrow, there is the greatest glory of the world, that of the men who did not give in.
让我们追寻坚定,纯洁与忠诚;在一切苦难过后,那些坚持到底的人会赢得伟大的荣誉。
阿基坦的埃莉诺
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Pitiful and pitied by no one, why have I come to the ignominy of this detestable old age, who was ruler of two kingdoms, mother of two kings? My guts are torn from me, my family is carried off and removed from me.
如此痛苦却无人怜悯,为什么我这么一大把年纪了还要被投入这样的苦难,谁是那位两个王国的统治者,谁又是两个国王的母亲?我的内脏已经被撕开,我的亲人被从我身边带走。(暂译)
雷帝伊万
Ivan the Terrible
To shave the beard is a sin that the blood of all martyrs cannot cleanse. It is to deface the image of God.
剃须是用所有殉道者的鲜血也无法洗清的嘴和。这是对上帝面目的亵渎。
赫伯特·胡佛
Herbert Hoover
What the country needs is a good big laugh … if someone could get off a good joke every ten days, I think our troubles would be over.
国家需要的是笑容,如果有人每隔十天就想出一个非常棒的笑话,那么我想所有问题都迎刃而解了。
路易十六
Louis XVI
Every time that I fill a high office, I create a hundred discontented men and an ingrate.
每当我往高层办公室塞一个人,就会诞生出一百个心怀不满的人,与一个忘恩负义的人。
内维尔·张伯伦
Neville Chamberlain
Peace in our time.
和平就在我们身边。

For other uses, see Peace in Our Time.

“我们时代的和平”是1938年9月30日英国首相内维尔张伯伦在关于“慕尼黑协定”和“英德宣言”的演讲中说的话。 这句话回应了本杰明·迪斯雷利,1878年从柏林国会回来时,他说:“我从德国回来了!我们的时代会很和平!" 讽刺的是:在协议之后不到一年,希特勒继续侵略波兰,随后是法国和英国对德国的战争宣言。
尼禄
Nero
A man who is always ready to believe what is told him will never do well.
一个总是轻易相信他人话语的人永远成不了事。
沃伦·盖玛利尔·哈定
Warren G. Harding
Our most dangerous tendency is to expect too much of government, and at the same time do for it too little.
我们最危险的行为是:对政府期望太多,为它做的太少。
决策无方者埃塞尔雷德
Æthelred the Unready
In the name of the Holy Trinity, three things do I promise to this Christian people my subjects: first that I will hold God's Church and all the Christian people of my realm in true peace; secondly that I will forbid all rapine and injustice to men of all conditions; thirdly, that I promise and enjoin justice and mercy in all judgments.
以三位一体之名,我在此向我的基督教臣民们立下三誓:第一,我将为神的教会与我的子民带来真正的和平。第二,我将禁止一切形式的不公正与掠夺。第三,我发誓将维护法律的公正与慈悲。
玛丽·都铎
Mary Tudor I
In thee, O Lord, is my trust; let me never be confounded: if God be for us, who can be against us?
耶和华,你就是我的信仰,让我永远不会迷茫。如果上帝都站在我们这一边,那么谁还能反对我们?
丹·奎尔
Dan Quayle
We are ready for any unforeseen event that may or may not occur.
我们已经准备好应对任何事情,无论是否有可能发生的事情。